613-822-7826 or 613-220-8023 5457 Albion Road Ottawa Ontario K1X 1A2
Control Arm: They connect a vehicle's steering rack to the wheels of the car, and they hold the wheels to the car's frame. Control arms allow the wheels to move and manage the motion of the wheels by pivoting.
Coil Springs: Like an industrial-grade Slinky, a coil spring is basically a heavy-duty strip of metal that has been wound around to form a spiral or helix. Coil springs are ideal for absorbing up-down energy, but their design does not deal well with side-to-side motion. As such, coils springs are typically found on all 4 wheels of most cars, and on the front suspensions of some trucks and SUVs
Ball Joints: Ball Joints are spherical bearings that connect the control arms to the steering knuckles. They are used on virtually every automobile made and work similar to the ball and socket design of the human hip joint.
Sway Bar Links: Help reduce the body roll of a vehicle during fast cornering or over road irregularities. It connects opposite (left/right) wheels together through short lever arms linked by a torsion spring.
Tie Rod End: Help direct the steering of a vehicle and make it possible to turn a tire.
Non-Vented Brake Rotors: (Solid)
Non-vented brake rotors are most commonly made of solid iron. They are better suited for smaller, slower commuter vehicles. Non-vented brake rotors also tend to last longer than vented ones.
Vented Brake Rotors:
Vented brake rotors have holes and grooves drilled through them all around the perimeter of the brake, allowing for faster dissipation of heat that builds up when the brake pads act on the rotor. Vented brake rotors are most often used in large or high-speed vehicles. They are also often made out of ceramic or other strong synthetic materials.
Slotted (grooved) rotors are designed to output low noise while aggressive driving or towing. Two sets of indented, shallow slots across both rotor sides allows the easy exit of water, heat, brake dust, and friction gases from under the pads. They stay cooler during aggressive driving and are perfect for 4WDs that often haul heavy loads because the slots are not deeply cut into the rotor. As a result, the rotor retains its mass and strength without fracturing or warping under heavy-duty use. Considering that these slots slice away more pad material on contact, this type of rotor will cause a slightly lower pad life.
Most drilled rotors feature holes that reach through to the other side – a layout that ensures maximum disbursement of heat and debris generated under heavier use. A disadvantage of drilled rotors appears right when those are used on a vehicle that takes on a greater weight load due to hauling of heavy cargo or sustained towing. Vehicles with built-up engines or superchargers can also have a damaging effect on drilled rotors, especially when abused by either stunt driving or drifting. Since the drilled holes take mass out of the rotors, cracks are likely to occur between the perforations.
Electrocoating is a method of painting that uses an electrical current to deposit the paint. The process works on the principal of “Opposites Attract.” An unfinished product is immersed in a bath containing an electrophoretic paint emulsion, or oppositely charged paint particles. An electric current is passed through both the product and the emulsion. The paint particles that are in contact with the product adhere to the surface and build up an insulating layer. This layer prevents any further electrical current from passing through, resulting in a perfectly level coating even in the recessed parts of complex-shaped goods. E-Coating ensures protection against rust, better appearance and durability.
Replacing Brake Pads Since the purpose of the brake pad is to provide friction against the rotor, this action typically creates a lot of heat and pressure. The rotor is spinning so fast that it shaves off some of the brake pad every time the two come into contact, creating brake dust. Over time, the brake pad becomes so worn from constantly rubbing against the rotor that it needs to be replaced. Squeaking brakes, for example, occur primarily because the upper layer of the brake pad has completely eroded, and the hard bottom layer is rubbing against the rotor. If the pad is not replaced soon, owners are going to have to purchase both new brake pads and rotors.
Organic Brake Pads
Ceramic Brake Pads
Organic Brake Pads Organic brake pads are the oldest type. They became popular after asbestos brakes were banned, and are still sometimes called organic non asbestos brake pads. These pads are made from a composite of glass, rubber, resin and Kevlar fibres. As far as brake pads go, they are relatively environmentally friendly and affordable.
Best used for: Organic pads are softer than other types, which also makes them a quieter option. However, the downside is that their softness makes them wear down faster than other brake pads. How fast a brake pad wears down depends on the weight and speed of the car it has to stop. Therefore, owners of large trucks or high performance vehicles with big engines, should look elsewhere for brake pads. Organic pads work best for owners who do not speed, tailgate, or practice other forms of aggressive driving. They are also ideal for small cars without a lot of horsepower. Motorcycle brake pads are organic because their lightweight frame does not wear down the brakes as fast as cars do.
Semi-Metallic Brake Pads are the second oldest type, but do not get confused by their name. Much more than simple slabs of metal, semi-metallic brake pads are made from mixing together iron, steel, copper and graphite. The result is a highly durable brake pad that is highly resistant to daily wear. In fact, this type of pad does more damage to the rotor than itself. The metal base makes this pad very heavy, and it does produce a slight drain on fuel economy. Finally, while these pads excel at transferring heat from the rotors, they do not do well in colder conditions. Drivers who live in colder climates usually find that it takes their semi-metallic brake pads a little longer to work properly on colder days.
Best used for: Most passenger cars and trucks on the road today use semi-metallic brake pads. Cars come straight out of the factory with these brake pads, and most owners choose to keep using them simply because they are so affordable. However, this style is not meant for very aggressive drivers since it can end up costing a small fortune in rotor repair. Performance vehicles do not use them because of the extra weight they add to the car. For average drivers who are generally careful on the road, semi-metallic brakes perform exceptionally well.
Ceramic Brake Pads For years organic and semi-metallic brake pads were the only options on the market. Drivers had to choose between light organic brake pads that did not last long, and heavy semi-metallic pads that damaged their rotors. Ceramic pads were invented to fix some of the issues with the other types. These are excellent pads, combining superior braking performance with lightweight durability. Ceramic pads are strong enough to stop even the fastest cars without damaging the rotors.
As their name suggests, they are made from ceramic fibres along with filling material and bonding agents. Some brands even include a little bit of copper fibres into the pad. Ceramic is an amazing material for dispersing heat, which means drivers can depend on the pad to stop their car over and over again without problems. They also produce less brake dust, helping the wheels to achieve a cleaner look.
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Tie Rod End
Changing your car oil at regular intervals isn't just a good idea -- it's a vital part of keeping the engine running properly. The purpose of engine oil is to keep the internal parts of your engine lubricated and cool. It keeps the moving parts from grinding against each other, causing wear and damage.
Without frequent oil changes, dirt and sludge can build up in the engine, and old, dirty oil won't lubricate the moving parts as well as new, fresh oil will. Dirty oil leads to serious damage, and if things get bad enough, there may be an engine replacement in your future.
Semi-Metallic Brake Pads
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Sway Bar Links
The automotive exhaust system. Keeping your exhaust system in good working condition is vital for fuel mileage, the environment and your safety. Your cars' exhaust system carries away the gases created when the fuel and air are burned in the combustion chamber. These gases are harmful to humans and our environment. Frequent checks of your exhaust system is a must to provide for you and your family's safety. Make sure there are no holes in the exhaust system or in the passenger compartment where exhaust fumes could enter.
Parts and their functions:
Exhaust manifold: The exhaust manifold attaches to the cylinder head and takes each cylinders exhaust and combines it into one pipe. The manifold can be made of steel, aluminum, stainless steel, or more commonly cast iron.
Oxygen sensor: All modern fuel injected cars utilize an oxygen sensor to measure how much oxygen is present in the exhaust. From this the computer can add or subtract fuel to obtain the correct mixture for maximum fuel economy. The oxygen sensor is mounted in the exhaust manifold or close to it in the exhaust pipe.
Catalytic converter: This muffler like part converts harmful carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons to water vapor and carbon dioxide. Some converters also reduce harmful nitrogen oxides. The converter is mounted between the exhaust manifold and the muffler.
Muffler: The muffler serves to quiet the exhaust down to acceptable levels. The combustion process is a series of explosions that create a lot of noise. Most mufflers use baffles to bounce the exhaust around dissipating the energy and quieting the noise. Some mufflers also use fiberglass packing which absorbs the sound energy as the gases flow through.
Exhaust pipe: Between all of the above parts is the exhaust pipe which carries the gas through it's journey out your tail pipe. Exhaust tubing is usually made of steel but can be stainless steel (which lasts longer due to it's corrosion resistance) or aluminized steel tubing. Aluminized steel has better corrosion resistance than plain steel but not better than stainless steel. It is however cheaper than stainless steel.
Exhaust flex pipe: is constructed of metal, much like the rest of the exhaust system, but is designed with ribs in the tubing that allow the pipe to flex and move.One benefit of exhaust flex pipe is that it can reduce vibrations transmitted from the engine and exhaust into the chassis, which in turn can be felt by the occupants of the car. The flex pipe is used to connect rigid lengths of exhaust pipe, and the fact that it can flex and move reduces these undesirable vibrations.Exhaust flex pipe can also be used to make it easier to route an exhaust system from the engine to the end of the car. Over the length of the exhaust, the pipe often has to twist and turn around components like axles, chassis areas, etc. in order to fit in the car. The flex pipe makes it easier to route areas of the exhaust that have to bend and turn. Exhaust flex pipe can also come in handy with custom exhaust system
Resonator: Many manufacturers use a resonator in the exhaust system. It is located between the muffler and the exhaust outlet.
Its function is to reduce any resonance levels that the muffler could not adequately suppress
Common Problems: Well the worst enemy of your exhaust system is corrosion.... or more commonly known as rust. Rust is caused by moisture reacting with the iron in the steel and forming iron oxide. Moisture, or water vapor is present in the exhaust as a by-product of combustion and the catalytic converter. Moisture can also come from the outside in the form of rain. Short trips in your car can shorten the life of your exhaust system. When you shut down your engine whatever water vapor is in the pipes condenses and turns back into a liquid. On a short trip the water never has a chance to get hot enough to turn back into water vapor and just stays in the system and rusts away the pipes. If you drive for short distances consider replacing your exhaust system with stainless steel when the plain steel one rusts through. If you drive more than 15 miles at a time then you should not have to worry about this. If you live in an area which uses salt on the roads in the winter time, make sure to wash the underside of you car with water every few weeks. Salt speeds up the corrosion process and getting it off as soon as possible will help stop the corrosion. Make sure you run the engine after washing to drive off all of the water on the pipes.
Noticing a decrease in your gas mileage? Your oxygen sensor could be the cause. As time goes on the oxygen sensor begins to wear out and becomes less accurate. This sometimes results in a rich fuel mixture where your engine burns more fuel than is needed. Most of the time your check engine light will come on and alert you to a failing oxygen sensor. I suggest changing the oxygen sensor every 60,000 miles just to be safe. Even though your check engine light might not be on, you could be using more gas than is needed. Changing the sensor will have you buying less gas down the road.
The next part in line to go is the muffler. Most of the time mufflers rust through and need to be replaced. There are many options out there for replacement mufflers. Some cheap and some expensive. It holds true..... you get what you pay for. If you plan on keeping your car for any period of time, spend the extra cash and get an OEM muffler or a high quality name brand muffler such as Walker or Bosal.
On rare occasions the catalytic converter will become clogged and need to be replaced. Symptoms include loss of power, heat coming from the floor of your car, glowing red converter or a sulfur smell.
There are 2 basic types of suspension systems: dependent and independent.
On a dependent suspension system, the wheels on the left and right side of the vehicle are connected and work together. Generally, the dependent suspension uses a solid axle that spans across the entire width of your frame. Because both wheels are linked to this single beam, they respond to road conditions as a pair. If the camber of one wheel bends outward, then the other wheel follows suit.
On uneven terrain, dependent suspension systems function a lot like a seesaw. When one side dips into a pothole or rises over a rock, the other side goes in the opposite direction, either up or down. Needless to say, this bucking energy can be about as comfortable as riding a mechanical bull. However, with modern shock absorbers and springs, dependent suspension systems can be quite comfortable off-road and on.
An independent suspension system does not use a single axle to connect both sides of the vehicle. Instead, the wheels on an independent suspension system react separately to road conditions. Bumps and basins on the passenger's side do not cause the driver's side wheels to rise or fall. Independent suspension systems are rapidly becoming the standard for automobiles, and some SUVs and trucks too are using this engineering. They provide superior ride quality but are more expensive and time-consuming to manufacturer than dependent suspension systems.